From a young girl’s first period to menopause and beyond, gynecologists and obstetricians play a critical role in safeguarding women’s health. At Lakeside Women’s Obstetrics & Gynecology, Dr. Lisa Colon and Dr. Arelis Figueroa are committed to honoring you throughout every stage of life.
For more in-depth information about women’s health issues, we recommend visiting the “For Patients” tab at the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) website. These fact sheets also are available on the website in Spanish.
Our practice supports and follows ACOG recommendations for contraception, sexually transmitted diseases, and vaccines. Valuable ACOG documents on adolescent health care issues include How to Talk About Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Human Papillomavirus Infection. Please visit the Gardasil website for more information about this vaccine.
Valuable books for parents include Beyond the Big Talk: Every Parent’s Guide to Raising Sexually Healthy Teens From Middle School to High School and Beyond.
To help ease cramps, try exercise or medicines like ibuprofen or naproxen sodium (if you do not have an allergy to aspirin or severe asthma). You can also place a heating pad, heat wrap, or other source of heat on your abdomen or lower back. If pain is severe, we can sometimes provide prescription-strength pain relievers.
Irregular periods have many causes and are typically not cause for concern. However, you should see your doctor if you have started your period but it then stops for more than three months.
A variety of tests can be performed in our office or at home, including blood tests, ovulation prediction, ultrasound, and more. We also can refer you to an appropriate specialist for thorough treatment.
Allergies: Claritin, Zyrtec (plain only)
Cold/Sinus: Sudafed (regular), Robitussin (regular), Benadryl, throat lozenges, throat spray, cough drops, Vicks VapoRub
Constipation: Colace (Docusate sodium), Miralax
Headache, minor aches and pains: Tylenol (regular strength), heating pad.
Heartburn: Tums, Rolaids, Mylanta, Maalox, Pepcid, Prilosec OTC, Prevacid.
Hemorrhoids: Preparation-H, Anusol
Nausea: Vitamin B6; 25mg. May take with one Unisom at bedtime.
Upset stomach/diarrhea: Imodium AD
Yeast infection: Monistat
Postpartum and Mid-Life
- Baby blues that do not start to fade after about 1 week, or if the feelings get worse.
- Strong feelings of depression and anger that start 1–2 months after childbirth.
- Feelings of sadness, doubt, guilt, or helplessness that increase each week and get in the way of normal function.
- Not being able to care for yourself or your baby.
- Trouble doing tasks at home or on the job.
- Changes in appetite.
- Things that used to bring you pleasure no longer do.
- Intense concern and worry about the baby, or lack of interest in the baby.
- Anxiety or panic attacks.
- Fears of harming the baby. These feelings are almost never acted on by women with postpartum depression, but they can be scary. These feelings may lead to guilt, which makes the depression worse.
- Thoughts of self-harm or suicide.
This checklist is taken from the ACOG fact sheet on postpartum depression.
Mammography is an X-ray technique used to study the breasts. No dyes have to be injected or swallowed, and nothing will be put in your body. Mammogram is done as a screening test to regularly check for breast cancer in women who do not have signs or symptoms of the disease. It also is performed as a diagnostic test to check lumps or other symptoms that you have found yourself or that have been found by a health care provider.
Menopause and Maturity
Some of the most common symptoms of this “change of life” in midlife women include:
- Exercise. This increases bone mass before menopause and slows bone loss after menopause.
- Consume calcium to slow the rate of bone loss. Women over 51 years old need 1,200 mg of calcium per day and women over 65 and those not taking hormone therapy should take 1,500 mg. The best way to get calcium is through foods like dairy products, leafy green vegetables, nuts, seafood, juices, and cereals that are fortified with calcium. Calcium supplements are another option.